英语四级六级培训课程

新定义一册主要语法点

时间:2022-6-15 作者:英学网

1. 通常目前时

表示通常性,常常性的动作或通常性事实。

含有be动词的句子

He is a teacher.

The girl is very beautiful.

Tim and Jack are students.

★变疑问句将be动词移到句首

Is he a teacher?

Is the girl very beautiful?

Are Tim and Jack students?

★变否定句在be动词后面加not

He is not a teacher.

The girl is not very beautiful.

Tim and Jack are not students.

★一定回答及否定回答

Yes, he is. No, he is not.

Yes, she is. No, she is not.

Yes, they are. No, they are not.

不含有动词的句子,即含有通常动词的句子

第三人称单数及单数名词

He likes books.

She likes him.

The dog likes bones.

★变疑问句在句首加does, 动词变为原型

Does he like books?

Does she like him?

Does the dog like bones?

★变否定句在主语及动词之间加doesn’t, 动词变为原型

He doesn’t like books.

She doesn’t like him.

The dog doesn’t like bones.

★一定回答及否定回答:

Yes, he does. No, he doesn’t.

Yes, she does. No, she doesn’t

Yes, it does. No, it doesn’t.

注意:第三人称单数形式通常在动词后面加S,不要和名词复数混淆,变否定句或疑问句时名词复数没任何变化。

别的人称及复数名词

I want to have a bath.

We have some meat.

The students like smart teachers.

★变疑问句在句首加do

Do you want to have a bath?

Do we have any meat?

Do the students like smart teachers?

★变否定句在主语和动词之间加don’t.

You don’t want to have a bath.

We don’t have any meat.

The students don’t like smart teachers.

★一定回答及否定回答

Yes, I do. No, I don’t.

Yes, we do. No, we don’t

Yes, they do. No, they don’t.

2. 目前进行时

表示目前正在进行的动作。

构成:

主语+be动词+动词的目前分词+其它成分(目前分词的构成见附录)

We are having lunch.

He is reading a book.

The dog is running after a cat.

The boys are swimming across the river.

★变疑问句将be动词移到句首

Are we having lunch?

Is he reading a book?

Is the dog running after a cat?

Are the boys swimming across the river?

★变否定句在be动词后面加 not

We are not having lunch.

He is not reading a book.

The dog is not running after a cat.

The boys are swimming across the river.

★特殊疑问句:what, which, how, where, who, etc.

疑问词+动词+主语+目前分词

What are you doing?

What is she doing?

What is the dog doing?

(必背)

没进行时的动词

表示状况,思想,感情和感觉的动词不可以表示正在进行的动作

1. 表示感觉,感官的词

see, hear, like, love, want,

2. have, has当”拥有”讲时没进行时

声明:本文内容由互联网用户自发贡献自行上传,本网站不拥有所有权,未作人工编辑处理,也不承担相关法律责任。如果您发现有涉嫌版权的内容,欢迎发送邮件至:375750496@qq.com 进行举报,并提供相关证据,工作人员会在5个工作日内联系你,一经查实,本站将立刻删除涉嫌侵权内容。

今日推荐

托福听力之如何才是有效的精听

大家多次提及过针对托福听力考试的精听练习,不过为了进一步理解怎么样精听,今儿还是想再啰嗦两句:不管以何种方法精听,大家都需要要去抓文章的重点。这也意味着不是非要把每句话每一个词弄懂。那样,在短期内通过精听来练习抓重点的能力,就是大家目前所需