新GRE写作修辞手法如何运用

时间:2022-1-8 作者:江沪英语网

GRE写作怎么样运用修辞?GRE写作修辞手法的应用可以为同学们取得高分,GRE写作修辞手法的应用无论词语是容易的还是比较复杂的,都能增加想要说明的成效,不动声色地为我们的水平加分。

GRE写作修辞手法 Simile(明喻):It is a figure of speech which makes a comparison between two unlike elements having at least one quality or characteristic in common。 To make the comparison, words like as, as……as, as if and like are used to transfer the quality we associate with one to the other。For example, As cold waters to a thirsty soul, so is good news from a far country。

GRE写作修辞手法Metaphor(暗喻):It is like a simile, also makes a comparison between two unlike elements, but unlike a simile, this comparison is implied rather than stated。For example, the world is a stage。

以上两种的喻类修辞比较容易,在运用的时候想到什么合适的本体和喻体就可以进行“喻”。

GRE写作修辞手法Analogy (类比):It is also a form of comparison, but unlike simile or metaphor which usually uses comparison on one point of resemblance, analogy draws a parallel between two unlike things that have several common qualities or points of resemblance。

类比学习最好的老师就是Argument,“阿狗”里面的false analogy类比不少都是大家钻牛角尖找出来的,但,事实上大家不少的状况下再无话可说的时候都可以运用类比。譬如说,大家在讨论政府职能的时候,倘若大家不知道政府职能,大家可以从大家知道的组织谈起,譬如大家可以讨论班级、学校、公司,或者一些大型小型组织,从一个具体的问题到另一个问题而防止谈一些不熟知的问题。具体的陈述可以如下拓展类似:

When comes to the issue of empowerment

1. This point can be better illustrated by comparing a class(你熟知的) with a business(你不熟知的)。 然后business bla bla…2.Teachers who possess power and exert it to conduct class play a similar role as business managers do。 然后,只讨论课堂不讨论商业了。

比如:

Student who is granted/ given/ empowered/ endowed……… are more motivated… power are not rightly supervised and restricted and the class get out of control will lead to/ result in/ turn into/ prove to be flop/ fiasco/ blunder/failure/ catastrophe…。

3.Elaborate a class进行详细的class描写。

4.点睛之笔 So is a business。类比其实就是某种层面上的跑题,大多数的跑题是无意识的,但大家要让这种有目的的跑题为大家的文章服务,这就是学习类比修辞的意义所在。

GRE写作修辞手法Personification:(拟人)I:t gives human form of feelings to animals, or life and personal attributes(赋予) to inanimate(无生命的) objects, or to ideas and abstractions(抽象)。For example, the wind whistled through the trees。

GRE写作修辞手法Hyperbole:(夸张): It is the deliberate use of overstatement or exaggeration to achieve emphasis。

For instance, he almost died laughing。

GRE写作修辞手法 Understatement:(含蓄陈述): It is the opposite of hyperbole, or overstatement。 It achieves its effect of emphasizing a fact by deliberately(故意地) understating it, impressing the listener or the reader more by what is merely implied or left unsaid than by bare statement。For instance, It is no laughing matter。

GRE写作修辞手法 Euphemism:(委婉): It is the substitution of an agreeable or inoffensive(无冒犯) expression for one that may offend or suggest something unpleasant。For instance, we refer to "die" as " pass away"。

GRE写作修辞手法Metonymy (转喻): It is a figure of speech that has to do with the substitution of the mane of one thing for that of another。For instance, the pen (words) is mightier than the sword (forces)。

GRE写作修辞手法Synecdoche (提喻): It is involves the substitution of the part for the whole, or the whole for the part。For instance, they say there‘s bread and work for all。 She was dressed in silks。

GRE写作修辞手法Antonomasia (换喻):It has also to do with substitution。 It is not often mentioned now, though it is still in frequent use。

For example, Solomon for a wise man。 Daniel for a wise and fair judge。 Judas for a traitor。

上面的几种修辞手法大家有时在不经意的时候就用了,刻意的去构思有时反而想不到,而通常非英语专业的同学也不必每种修辞手法都详细知道并学习。

GRE写作修辞手法Pun (双关语): It is a play on words, or rather a play on the form and meaning of words。

For instance, a cannon-ball took off his legs, so he laid down his arms。 (Here "arms" has two meanings: a person‘s body; weapons carried by a soldier。)

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