英语四级六级培训课程

双语:爱笑的人运气好 原来有据可依

时间:2022-5-5 作者:普特英语学习网

大伙都说爱笑的人运气不会差到哪儿去,有没发现你身边整天笑容满面的人运气也很好呢?事实上他们不是由于运气好而笑,而是由于爱笑而运气好哦!

People are always smiling, especially in groups, but it doesn’t just signal that they’re happy. We use smiles for specific social purposes.

大家常常会笑,尤其是在一个团队里的时候,其实笑并不是他就快乐。大家笑是为了迎合某些社交目的。

1. Get others to trust you

1. 让其他人相信你

One signal that suggests we are trustworthy is a smile. Genuine smiles send a message that other people can trust and cooperate with us. Economists even consider that smiles have a value. In one study by Scharlemann et al. (2001) participants were more likely to trust another person if they were smiling. This study found that a smile increased people’s willingness to trust by about 10%.

微笑能给其他人发出一种信号,告诉他们我是值得相信的。经济学家甚至觉得微笑是有价值的。在Scharlemann等学者做的一项研究中,研究结果显示假如你对他们微笑的话,他们会愈加想相信你的话。研究结果还显示,微笑能让他们相信你的话意愿增加10%。

2. Smile for leniency

2. 让其他人放你一马

When people do bad things they often smile when they are caught. Is this to their benefit? According to a study conducted by LaFrance and Hecht (1995), it can be. We treat people who’ve broken the rules with more leniency if they smile afterwards. It doesn’t matter whether it’s a false smile, a miserable smile or a real felt smile, they all work to make us want to give the transgressor a break.

当大家做坏事被抓到时,他们一般会笑。这是为何呢?依据LaFrance和Hecht做的研究结果显示,做坏事被抓到的人假如露出微笑的话,大家对他们或许会多一些仁慈。不论是假笑、惨笑还是真的的不好意思的笑都能让他们放你一马的想法强烈一点。

3. Recover from social slip-ups

3. 笑能叫你更容易被原谅

Did you forget to buy your partner an anniversary present? Has an important client’s name slipped your mind? Have you accidentally kicked a small child? If you’ve tripped on a social banana, embarrassment is your go-to emotion. The embarrassed smiles we display involve looking down and sometimes we emit a silly little laugh. This is designed to elicit fellow-feeling from other people so they think less of the slip and forgive us more quickly.

你是否忘记给你的合作伙伴买周年龄念礼品了?不记得要紧顾客的名字了?不小心整伤了孩子子?如过你真的被这类社会人际关系“香蕉”给绊倒的话,相信你要尴尬好一阵子。这时低头尴尬一笑或者偶尔一个小小嗤笑会让其他人对你多一些同情,如此他们忘记你的囧事的速度也会快一些。

So the embarrassed smile helps us get out of jail free(ish). Once again, the power of a smile.

尴尬一笑能帮大家飞速脱囧。微笑的力量第三发挥用途。

4. Smile to make money

4. 笑可以赚钱

We’ve already seen that economists have calculated the value of a smile, but can a smile make us real cash-money? Apparently the broad smile of a waitress can: Tidd and Lockard (1978) found smiling waitresses made more in tips.

大家已经了解,经济学家觉得笑也是有价值的,但笑是不是真的可以给大家带来实在的收入呢?至少这一招在服务行业是有实效用途的:Tidd和Lockard研究发现面带微笑的女员工拿的消费会比较多。

5. Smile and (half) the world smiles with you

5. 你对其他人笑,半数人也会对你回以笑

One of the simple social pleasures of life, which goes almost unnoticed because it’s automatic, is when you smile at someone and they smile back.As you’ll have noticed, though, not everyone does smile back. Hinsz and Tomhave (1991) wanted to see what proportion of people would respond to a smile aimed at them with their own smile. Their results suggest around 50% of people reciprocate. In comparison almost no one responds to a frown with their own frown.

当你对其他人笑的时候,他们对你也回以微笑,这是大家常常会忽略的一个社会交流快乐之处。或许你会发现,你对其他人微笑,而他们却不必然会给你一个微笑。Hinsz和Tomhave过去做过研究,想搞了解会对其他人回以微笑的人在所有人里所占的比率。结果就是50%的人会对他人回以微笑。但假如你对其他人皱眉相向,其他人一定不会回你一个皱眉的。

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