英语四级六级培训课程

关于冰淇淋你不了解的6个冷常识

时间:2022-5-2 作者:恒星英语学习网

当你手拿冰淇淋筒,舀出一勺冰淇淋,放进口中,享受着这甜蜜一瞬,你必然会说“对于冰淇淋我无所不知”,然而,对于冰淇淋,有一些语言学方面的问题,可能你未曾注意。唉,大家不怪你——这才有科普的必要嘛~

关于冰淇淋你不了解的6个冷常识

1. Sundae

新地

The similarity between sundae and Sunday possibly isn’t coincidental. While the origin is not known for certain, it has been suggested that sundae is an alteration of Sunday, either because the dish was made with ice cream left over from Sunday and sold cheaply on the Monday, or because it was sold only on Sundays, a practice devised to circumvent restrictions concerning trading on Sundays.

“新地(sandae)”与“星期日(Sunday)”这两个词之间的相似性可能并不是偶然。虽然大家对它们之间的关联性并不确定,但据大家猜测,新地(sandae)可能是星期日(Sunday)这个词的一种变体拼写方法,之所以创造这个变体词,可能是因为这道甜点是用周日没卖完的冰淇淋加工后在周一便宜售出的,抑或是由于这道甜点只在周日贩售,在过去对周日的商业行为有所限制的时候,大家用这种办法和有关规定打擦边球。

2. ? la mode

搭配冰淇淋(法语词)

French scholars will know that à la mode means ‘in the fashion’. For Americans, or those ordering desserts in America, it has another meaning: ‘served with ice cream’. There is no obvious relationship between the French meaning and its ice cream context; in early use, especially, it was chiefly found in the phrase apple pie à la mode, so it seems possible that apple pie was served in this fashion as a special and the name caught on.

研究法语的学者了解, à la mode的意思是“时尚”,然而对美国人或者那些在美国餐厅里点了甜食的外国人来讲,这个词还有另一个意思:“搭配冰淇淋”。这个法语词的原意与美国人用以指冰淇淋的特殊语用二者之间无明显的因果关联性;在早先时候,这个词主如果运用在“苹果派搭配冰淇淋(apple pie à la mode)”这个短语之中,由此看来,这个词是指苹果派搭配冰淇淋是一种特殊的新潮食用方法。从此这个名字就流传开了。

3. Halo-halo

哈啰哈啰

In the Philippines, you would call a ‘dessert made of mixed fruits, sweet beans, milk, and shaved ice, typically TOPped with purple yam, crème caramel, and ice cream’ a halo-halo, a reduplication of halo, which is both a verb meaning ‘to mix’ and a noun meaning ‘mixture’. To round out the parts of speech, halo-halo can be an adjective meaning ‘mixed’.

在菲律宾你可以吃到一道特殊的甜点,里面有“多种果肉,甜豆,牛奶,碎冰,最有特征的是顶上缀有紫薯,焦糖布丁和冰淇淋”。哈啰哈啰,即“halo”的叠词,halo是一个动词,意为“搅拌”,作为名词的意思是“什锦”。

4. Ninety-nine

九十九

It sounds like a lot of ice cream to eat, but in Britain it’s only one: a ninety-nine (or 99) is an ice-cream cone made with soft ice cream with a stick of flaky chocolate inserted into it, and a favourite for those who haunt ice cream vans. 99 is a proprietary name in the UK, and the ice cream has been produced by Cadbury’s since at least 1935, but nobody knows the origin of the name.

这个词被人感觉仿佛有一大堆冰淇淋等着你去吃,事实上,在英国,这种冰淇淋只有一个球:一份“九十九(99)”冰淇淋是指一个冰淇淋甜筒,上面插上巧克力碎末。对那些追逐冰淇淋车的人来讲,这款冰淇淋是他们的最爱。九十九在英国是一个专利产品名,吉百利公司从1935年(甚至更早)就开始生产这种冰淇淋,可是无人了解这个名字的由来。

5. Slider

滑溜溜

As far back as 1915, ‘ice-cream served in a sandwich form between two wafers’ was colloquially known as a slider; whether because the ice cream had slid between wafers or because it slid along surfaces is unknown.

早在1915年的时候,“以三明治的形式夹在两块华夫饼之间的冰淇淋”让人们口头称为滑溜溜。这可能是因为冰淇淋“滑”进了两块华夫饼之间,或者冰淇淋会在两块华夫饼的表面上滑动,到底缘由为什么尚不可知

6. Knickerbocker Glory

超级缤纷圣代

This curiously-named dessert (consisting of ice cream, served with fruit, cream, and other sweet ingredients in a tall glass) has an uncertain etymology, but may relate to the name Diedrich Knickerbocker, the pseudonym used by Washington Irving for A History of New York in 1809.

这款名字滑稽——直译为尼克博克的荣耀——的甜点(即装在高脚杯里的冰淇淋,加上水果,奶油和其他甜食配料)的词源不可考,不过据推断,这个名字可能与一个叫做迪特里希·尼克博克的人有关,华盛顿·欧文在《纽约史》(1809)一书中曾以这个笔名署名。

声明:本文内容由互联网用户自发贡献自行上传,本网站不拥有所有权,未作人工编辑处理,也不承担相关法律责任。如果您发现有涉嫌版权的内容,欢迎发送邮件至:375750496@qq.com 进行举报,并提供相关证据,工作人员会在5个工作日内联系你,一经查实,本站将立刻删除涉嫌侵权内容。