英语四级六级培训课程

英语发音连读规则

时间:2022-4-9 作者:攀登英语网

连读的条件:相邻的两词在乎义上需要密切有关,同属一个意群。连读所构成的音节通常都不重读,仅需顺其自然地一带而过,不可读得太重,也不可音。(连读符号:~)1)“辅音+元音”型连读

在同一个意群里,假如相邻两词中的前一个词是以辅音结尾,后一个词是以元音开头,这就要将辅音与元音拼起来连读。

I’m~an~English boy.

It~is~an~old book.

Let me have~a look~at~it.

Ms Black worked~in~an~office last~year.

I called~you half~an~hour~ago.

Put~it~on, please.

Not~at~all.

Please pick~it~up.

(2)“r/re+元音”型连读

假如前一个词是以-r或者-re结尾,后一个词是以元音开头,这个时候的r或re不但要发/r/,而且还要与后面的元音拼起来连读。

They’re my father~and mother.

I looked for~it here~and there.

There~is a football under~it.

There~are some books on the desk.

Here~is a letter for you.

Here~are four~eggs.

But where~is my cup?

Where~are your brother~and sister?

但,假如一个音节的前后都有字母r,即便后面的词以元音开头,也不可以连读。

The black clouds are coming nearer and nearer.(nearer与and不可连读)(3)“辅音+半元音”型连读

英语语音中的/j/和/w/是半元音,假如前一个词是以辅音结尾,后一个词是以半元音,尤其是/j/开头,此时也要连读。

Thank~you.

Nice to meet~you.

Did~you get there late~again?

Would~you like~a cup~of tea?

Could~you help me, please?

“音的同化”

-常把/d/+/j/读成/dV/,didyou听上成了/dIdVu/,wouldyou成了/wudVu/,couldyou成了/kudVu/。

(4)“元音+元音”型连读

假如前一个词以元音结尾,后一个词以元音开头,这两个音总是也要自然而不间断地连读到一块。

I~am Chinese.

He~is very friendly to me.

She wants to study~English.

How~and why did you come here?

She can’t carry~it.

It’ll take you three~hours to walk there.

The question is too~easy for him to answer.

(5)不可连读的状况

当短语或从句之间按意群进行停顿时,意群与意群之间即便有两个相邻的辅音与元音出现,也不可连读。

Is~it a~hat or a cat?(hat与or之间不能连读)There~is~a good book in my desk.(book与in之间不能连读)Can you speak~English or French?(English与or之间不能连读)Shall we meet at~eight or ten tomorrow morning?(meet与at,eight与or之间不能连读)She opened the door and walked~in.(door与and之间不能连读)(6)失爆导致的“连读” 6个爆破音有3对/p/,/b/,/t/,/d/,/k/,/g/失去爆破,又叫不完全爆破,就是在某些状况下,只须做出发音的筹备,但并不发音,稍稍停顿后就发后面的音。

The girl in the re(d) coat was on a bla(ck) bike jus(t) now.

The bi(g) bus from the fa(c)tory is full of people.

Wha(t) time does he get up every morning?

This is an ol(d) pi(c)ture of a bi(g) car.

The ol(d) do(c)tor has a ca(t), too.

We’re going to work on a farm nex(t) Tuesday.

What would you like, ho(t) tea or bla(ck) coffee?

It’s a very col(d) day, but it’s a goo(d) day.

You can put i(t) down in the bi(g) garden.

I bought a chea(p) book, but it’s agoo(d) book.

(b)“爆破音+摩擦音”型假如前面是爆破音,其后紧跟着某些摩擦音(如/f/,/s/,/W/,/T/等),那样前面那个爆破音仅有十分轻微的爆破,而后面那个摩擦音则要完全爆破。

Goo(d) morning, Mr. Bell.

Goo(d) morning, dear.

Uncle Li’s fa(c)tory is qui(te) near to the cinema.

I wen(t) there alone a(t) nine las(t) night.

-Do you know his bi(ke) number?

-Sorry, I don’(t) know.

The forty-firs(t) lesson is qui(te) difficult.

Goo(d) luck, Richard.

(a)“爆破音+爆破音”型6个爆破音中的任意2个相临时,前一个爆破音会失去爆破,即由有关的发音器官做好这个发音的姿势,稍做停顿后即发后面的爆破音。

超容易5招让对话继续

Sometimes it can be tough to keep a conversation going. Take this familiar scenario:

有时怎么样让对话继续是件难事,譬如说下面这个场景有没一点似曾相似?

You’re talking to someone you have just met, and the conversation is starting to stall. With every passing second of silence comes more and more awkwardness. You rack your brain, trying to come up with a new TOPic, but your mind is blank. You make your excuses and then leave. As you walk away you start to ponder where it all went wrong你和一个刚刚遇见的人说着话,但谈话开始变得僵硬。伴随沉闷一分一秒的加剧,场面变得愈加尴尬。你绞尽脑汁试图提出一个新话题,但你脑袋里却是一片空白。你为自己找了一个借口离开了。当你走开的时候,你开始考虑到底是哪儿出了问题呢。

Don’t worry; it happens to the best of us. But knowing how to keep a conversation going is a great skill to possess. If you have trouble keeping a conversation going , you might miss an opportunity to get to know a great person. Here are 5 tips to make sure you never find yourself in that situation again.

不需要担忧,即便是最健谈的人也会碰上这样的情况。但了解怎么样让谈话继续下去,是一种非常好的技能。假如你在这方面遇见了问题,那你极大概错失了认识一个还很好的人的机会。这里的5个方法将保证你不会再陷入那种尴尬境地。

1. Listen

倾听

Intently listening to what the other person is saying is the best way to keep a conversation going. Many people forget that listening is an active task; nodding your head in acknowledgement without really paying attention isn’t going to help you. Taking a genuine interest and really paying attention to what the other person is saying will.

专注地倾听他们所说的话,这是让对话继续的最好办法。不少人忘记倾听是一种主动行为;只不过漫不经心地址头表示赞许却没真的注意听,这并不管用。但发自内心真诚的关注和用心倾听他们所说的话可以帮到你。

Use their conversation to keep things going. For example, someone might say, “I went to Italy last year.” This one statement offers a great opportunity to keep the conversation going. You could ask, “Which part did you go to? How is the food over there? What was your favourite part of the vacation? Would you recommend going etc?” Actively listening offers endless ways to keep a conversation going.

借助他们的谈话内容让对话继续。譬如,有人会说:“去年我去了意大利。” 这句陈述提供了一个让对话继续的良机。你可以问:“你去了意大利的哪一个城市?那里的食物如何?你最喜欢假期里的哪一部分?你会推荐其他人去吗?” 等等问题。主动倾听为继续对话提供了无限可能。

2. Ask open ended questions

问开放性的问题

Questions which require more than just a “yes” or “no” answer encourage people to talk for longer, taking the pressure off you. For example, if you ask, “Do you like this restaurant?” a one word answer might be given. However, asking, “What do you think of this restaurant?” offers a much greater possibility to keep the conversation going.

提出那些回答不是Y/N的问题可以鼓励大家多谈论,从而减轻了你身上的谈话重压。举例,假如你问:“你喜欢这家饭店吗?”那你得到的回复就是一句话。然而,倘若你问:“你感觉这家饭店如何?”,这就极大概让对话继续不停。

3. Talk about your passions

谈谈叫你充满激情的话题

Have you ever noticed that when you talk about something you are passionate about, time seems to flow? You are able to talk for hours without any awkward silences.

你有没注意到当你谈论那些叫你充满激情的话题时,时间好像一晃就过去了。你可以说上好几个小时而且还不会出现窘人 的沉闷。

If you find a conversation stalling, direct the conversation towards something you would have no trouble talking about; your passions.

假如你发现谈话开始变得尴尬,那样把对话引导到你感觉谈起来毫不费力的话题上:那些叫你充满激情的事物。

4. Just say it

讲出

Sometimes you have no problem thinking up things to say. The problem is that you fear the other person won’t enjoy the subject you have in mind. This fear is usually unfounded. Next time you find yourself stuck in conversation, just say what is on your mind. You might just be pleasantly surprised.

有时想到怎么说话并非难事。但问题是你担忧其他人对你的这个话题不有兴趣。这种担忧一般是多余的。下次当你感觉自己陷入了谈话困境,说出你脑中想到的就好了。你或许会大吃一惊!

5. Practice

训练

Now you know of some tips to keep a conversation going, it is time to put them into practice. No matter what your skill level, you can only become better by practicing.

目前你了解了一些让对话继续的方法,那样是时候把它们应用到实质中去了。不论你的水平怎么样,你只有不断地训练才能变得更好。

If you still lack confidence in your conversational skills, start off by talking to your family and friends. When you feel a little more confident, get out of your comfort zone. Start to talk to co-workers or complete strangers. Soon enough, you will be able to master the art of conversation.

假如你对我们的谈话方法缺少信心,那样从与家人交谈和与朋友交谈开始。当你有了一点信心将来,然后离开你的舒适地区。开始和同事或完全陌生的人交谈。非常快你就能学会谈话的艺术。

Remember that sometimes the person you are talking with doesn’t want to be sociable. They might be lost in their thoughts, be having a bad day or simply don’t want to contribute to the conversation. Even the very best conversationalists would have trouble keeping a conversation going. In this scenario, it is best to politely excuse yourself and find someone else to talk to.

记住,有时和你谈话的人并不善于社交。他们可能陷在我们的想法中,或者遇见了不好的事,又或者只不过不想交谈而已。即便是最健谈的人也会遇见谈话不可以继续的情形。在这种情形下,最好的做法是为自己找一个委婉的原因离开,然后找另一个人谈话。

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