怎么样正确理解托福口语语法

时间:2022-1-2 作者:英学网

大家一块儿看下面的例子:

My teacher gave interesting assignments and motivating the students.

非常显然,这是混用语法结构的一个典型错误。这会使句子产生歧义:难道是说My teacher gave interesting and motivating assignments to the students? 由于本句中 interesting和motivating 是平行结构. 或者是My teacher gave interesting assignments and motivated the students? 由于亦可以理解成gave和 motivated是平行结构.所以错误用语法会带来很多意料之外的麻烦。

当大家重复用一个短语或单词的时候,不但会给人以词语量过小的感觉,有时甚至也会导致误解。大家来看一个例子:

My teacher wrote the assignment on the chalkboard. The assignment was on the chalkboard until the teacher erased the assignment after we had all done the assignment.事实上这句话的看法会愈加明确,假如大家将重复的词替换为其他表达的话。大家再来看看改进后的表达:

My teacher wrote the assignment on the chalkboard. She erased the board after we had all completed the task.

其中 assignment 被替换为 task; teacher 变为了she; chalkboard 被改为了board. 不但句子看上去愈加生动活泼不刻板,信息量也比原来要多了。

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