时间:2022-3-31 作者:恒星英语网

Susan Sommerville enjoyed working as a teacher, first to young children, then later to teenagers. She is, however, the first to concede it could be hard work: “It is exhausting. You give so much of yourself.”

苏珊.萨默维尔(Susan Sommerville,见上图)喜欢老师这份工作,她最开始教幼童,后来教青少年。然而,她是第一个承认执教是个苦差事的人:“这份工作让人疲倦。你会过于投入其中。”

Despite the sense of purpose the work gave her she found herself feeling wistful when she watched the children leave for university education and careers. “I wondered if I could cut it in the wider world.” She hankered after experiencing “something different”.


So at 30, she quit her full-time job to go back to university to study occupational psychology. While she was doing research at PwC, the professional services firm, as part of her Masters degree, she came across the role of organisational consultant — an area which she is still working in today at the age of 45.


Ms Sommerville applied and was hired. In the early days, she was plagued by imposter syndrome. She recalls worrying about the “clever people seeing through me: would I be found out?”


Working for a large company was a big adjustment. “I was shocked by the idea I could get a bonus for having a good year. Being a teacher, the motivation is intrinsic.”


Yet other aspects of the new career, Ms Sommerville took in her stride: presenting to her peers was far less stressful than a room full of teenagers or seven-year-olds, after all.


Ms Sommerville recommends teaching as an alternative career to her colleagues. If they were to take her advice, they would join Lucy Kellaway, the Financial Times columnist, who last week announced that after 31 years she was retraining to become a maths teacher — and imploring others in their 40s, 50s and older to follow suit.

萨默维尔建议她的同事在转行的时候考虑教书。假如他们听从了她的建议,他们就加入了英国《金融时报》专栏作家露西.凯拉韦(Lucy Kellaway)的行列。在为英国《金融时报》工作31年后,凯拉韦不久前宣布她将同意再培训并转行做一名数学老师;她还力劝其他四五十岁或者更年长的人士效仿。

The dream of quitting one career for something entirely different is an intoxicating one. Yet the reality is far from straightforward, says Marc Freedman, founder of a social enterprise that advocates “encore careers”, or new chapters in later working life that promote social value and purpose.

放弃一段职业生涯,去做一些完全不一样的事情,这个梦想让人心驰神往。然而,现实远非这么容易,一家支持“职场再出发”(encore career)的社会组织的开创者马克.弗里德曼(Marc Freedman)说。所谓“职场再出发”是指,大家在职业生涯的后期开启新篇章,从事有益于社会、有意义的工作。

“Getting from one career to another is a painful and fitful process. It’s confusing; we don’t have a set of institutions like universities [do with teenagers] to guide older people.” He wants more organisations to help mid-career workers retrain such as Ms Kellaway’s Now Teach pilot.

“转行是一个痛苦和时断时续的过程。这个过程让人困惑;大家没像(为青少年提供指导的)大学那样的一整套机构,来指导更年长的大家怎么样转行。”弗里德曼期望更多机构可以帮处于职业生涯中期的大家同意再培训,譬如凯拉韦所在的Now Teach(目前教书吧)发展性项目。

Those who change careers successfully appreciate that the transition might take a long time, he says. They also explore multiple options before investing in training. He advises saving money for a transition period.


Work experience, and talking to people doing the job to which you aspire about the reality of their work is important, rather than making a leap into the unknown. Mr Freedman advises career-changers “to try before they buy” through internships, volunteering or board roles. “You need to roll up your sleeves and try it out.”


Too many people, Mr Freedman says, do not put enough effort into exploring alternatives. “They dream of working as a lawyer or a banker, then the clouds part and they pursue their dream without breaking a sweat. It’s a romantic fantasy.”


Jane Clarke, director at Nicholson McBride, a business psychology consultancy, says the most important thing is to “understand why you’re unhappy” in your job. “People don’t think hard about it. It’s important to see which bits you like and analyse the company, people at work, work-life balance.” It is also important, she says, to understand where you get your identity from. “For some people it is really important to say ‘I work for X’ or am a ‘Y’.”

商业心理健康咨询机构Nicholson McBride的负责人简.克拉克(Jane Clarke)表示,非常重要的事情是“知道你为什么(在目前的工作中)不快乐”。“大家不会认真考虑这个问题。认识到你喜欢什么部分,剖析企业、同事和工作-生活平衡非常重要。”她说,理解你从什么地方获得我们的身份认可也非常重要。“对于一些人来讲,可以对人说我在某处工作或者我是干什么的真的非常重要。”

Ms Clarke suggests that those who want to make a move but have no idea where they want to go should scrutinise their entire career and pick out components that made them happy.


Becca Warner of the Escape School based in the City of London, which runs programmes for career changers, says common catalysts include having children, losing a parent and reaching an age milestone. “This is often a prompt to make people think about what are they doing with their days. What legacy am I leaving?”

坐落于伦敦金融城、为改换职业者提供帮的Escape School的贝卡.沃纳(Becca Warner)表示,促进大家做出这一选择的容易见到契机包含有了小孩、爸爸妈妈一方过世和达到某个年龄阶段。“这一般会促进大家考虑,我在怎么样度过我们的一生,我将为这个世界留下些什么?”

Two macro trends should work in favour of older career changers. The first is that more people are expected to work for longer than previous generations due to longer lives and reduced pension savings. The second is the rise of self-employment and contract work, which allows some to inch their way into a new career as a freelancer. “You can dip your toe in,” as Ms Warner says.


Geoffrey Stanford has made multiple changes, from the army to consultancy to investment banking to teaching. When he was a banker, he was cautious about being dependent on a high salary. “People get locked into mortgages. My wife and I were clear that we weren’t going to get sucked into that lifestyle.”

杰弗里.斯坦福(Geoffrey Stanford)转行过不少次,从军队、到咨询公司、到投行再到教职。斯坦福在当银行家的时候就非常注意,不让自己变得依靠高薪酬。“大家被按揭贷款困住了。我老婆和我都非常了解,大家不愿被卷入那种生活方法。”

A change in income or status, or stints retraining, can affect relationships. If your partner believes fine dining is important then they might feel disappointed on their tenth night of baked beans on toast. Mr Stanford advises “keeping an open dialogue with your partner, not just about your job but what’s important. You have to be clear.”


Research by the Escape School found people who left jobs to pursue dreams reported higher levels of fulfilment and purpose. However, despite often taking a hit on income, they did not express dissatisfaction about money. “People recalibrate their relationship with money. They adapt,” says Ms Warner.

Escape School的研究发现,那些辞职去追寻梦想的大家反映,他们的满足感更强、感觉我们的生活更有目的。尽管他们的收入一般会降低,但他们并没表达资金方面的不满。“大家重新调整了他们与资金的关系。他们适应了,”沃纳说。

This was certainly the case for Sally Arnold who quit law to become a hairdresser almost 10 years ago. After working in Linklaters’ private equity team and then in-house at Unilever, the consumer goods company, she realised law was making her unhappy.

对在近10年前离开法律业成为美发师的萨莉.阿诺德(Sally Arnold)而言,事情就是这样。先后在年利达(Linklaters)律师事务所的私募股权团队与消费品企业联合利华(Unilever)的法务部门工作后,她意识到,法律让她感到不快乐。

While the hours at Unilever were better than the “relentless” days at Linklaters, she could not envisage a future as a lawyer. The tipping point came after she split up with her boyfriend and, having sold her flat, found she had enough money to finance a course at Vidal Sassoon’s hairdressing school. Her budget was severely reduced.

尽管在联合利华工作不像之前在年利达那样“没日没夜”,但阿诺德没办法想象自己作为一名律师的将来。转行的契机在她和男朋友分手之后出现了。卖掉公寓的阿诺德发现,她有足够的钱在维达尔.沙宣(Vidal Sassoon)美发学校学习一门课程。当美发师让她的预算大幅降低。

“It’s amazing how you can adapt. It was hard having to be careful all the time. I earn so much less than I used to but I’m so much happier. You can adjust your lifestyle and spending. Lots of people want to change career but feel constrained. It’s perfectly possible to [make do with less].”


Career changers must be prepared to steel themselves against peers projecting their own anxieties and envy. “People got very defensive,” says Ms Arnold who was told hairdressing was a “waste of a brain” and “there’s no money in it”.


Going back to study when your peers are younger can be a huge adjustment. Jason Warren, who trained to be an architect with students 10 years younger, found the experience invigorating.

回到学校学习,并且发现与你一同学习的人年龄都比你小,这可能是一种巨大的改变。贾森.沃伦(Jason Warren)与比他小10岁的学生们一同同意培训,成为了一名建筑师,他发现这段历程让人激励。

“I lived for doing the course. I wasn’t taking days off with a hangover. It meant a lot more to me being a student once you’ve lived in the real world.”


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