英语四级六级培训课程

怎么样叫你的英语作文更有闪光点?

时间:2022-3-29 作者:学乐网

NMET书面表达评分标准“最高端”需要:“应用了较多的语法结构或词语;语法结构或词语方面有少许错误,但为尽力用较复杂结构或较高级词语所致;有效地用了语句间的连接成分,使全文结构紧凑。”从历年书面表达高分文章来看,每篇文章都有 “亮”点,即在用词、造句或段落安排上都有独到之处。

要想获得高分就应在“正确”表达的基础上写源于己的特点,写源于己的“亮”点。

1、词语选择——标新立异

在写作中“较高级词语”的用主如果指用《大纲》上没的词汇、用通过构词法变化来的新词、用同(近)义词或反义词等来代替容易见到词汇。

1)这栋房屋在芳草街的一栋楼上。

A: The flat is in a building on Fangcao Street.

B: The flat situates in a building on Fangcao Street.

剖析:is in是容易见到词汇,而situates in则是《大纲》上没的,是高级词语。

2)在周末大家做不少作业。

A: At weekends, we have a lot of homework to do.

B: At weekends, we have endless homework to do.

剖析:B句在表达时没用过于直接的a lot of,而是用了endless。endless就是由《大纲》词语end加后缀-less变化来的。

3)洗澡间和厨房都非常不错。

A: The bathroom and the kitchen are good.

B. The bathroom and the kitchen are well-furnished.

在表达要素时,B句用了well furnished,这比good语气强,也看上去生动。

在造句时,“较高级词语”如能运用贴切自然,就算整篇文章只用上一个,也会使你的作文显示出独一无二。

2、结架构句——独一无二

在造句时,既要使句子生动,又要使其简明扼要。

1、用与人不一样的表达方法,尤其是倡导打破汉语句子结构的束缚而重组的句子更受青睐。

1)唐山曾在二十世纪八十年代发生过一次大地震。

A: There was a strong earthquake in Tangshan in the 1980s.

B: A terrible earthquake hit/struck Tangshan in the 1980s.

大部分同学用了there be结构,这是对的,但B句却摒弃了容易见到句式。另辟蹊径而用了“主语+谓语+宾语”结构,且用了terrible,hit/strike如此的词语,更是难能可贵的。

2)你中秋节的来信我今天早晨收到了。

A:I received your letter which was written on August 15th this morning.(多数人用的方法)

B: Your letter of August 15th reached/ got to me this morning.(与多数人用的方法不同,简单)

2.用一些强势句式,如强调句、感叹句、倒装句等,增强语句的表现力。如:

3)阿福救了我妹妹。

A: Ah Fu saved my sister.(通常句式)

B: It was Ah Fu that saved my sister.(强调句式)

4)大家看到庄稼和蔬菜长势喜人非常是开心。

A: We were glad to see crops and vegetables growing well.(通常陈述句)

B: How glad we were to see crops and vegetables growing well.(感叹句)

3、句式多样,复杂得体。在写作中应防止用相同长度的相同句型,而应注意句式的变化,如长短句结合,容易句、并列句与复合句共用,还可用简化句等;一些较复杂的结构如独立主格,分词结构等也可用。下面的表达中A句容易句多,而且多处用 there be结构,看上去单调、乏味,而B句就有我们的特点(请同学们自己剖析)。

5)这是一套25平米的住房,住房里面有卧室、有洗澡间、有厨房;卧室里有床、沙发、桌子和椅子等。

A: It’s a flat of 25 square metres. There is a bedroom in the flat. There is a bathroom and a kitchen in it, too. In the bedroom, there is a bed; there is a sofa, a desk and a chair as well.

B: It’s a flat of 25 square metres, with a bedroom, a bathroom and a kitchen. In the bedroom there is a bed, a sofa, a desk and a chair.

3、布局谋篇——独具匠心

在写作中,大家可按时间、空间或其它逻辑顺序来安排各要素,同时为使主题突出,结构严谨,大家应注意学习和用交代句与段落的主题句等。在布局谋篇上,NMET2002范本堪称典范。请看:

Opinions are pided on the question.

60% of the students are against the idea of entrance fees. They believe a public park should be free of charge. People need a place where they can rest and enjoy themselves. Charging entrance fees will no doubt keep some people away. What is more, it will become necessary to build gates and walls, which will do harm to the appearance of a city.

On the other hand, 40% think that fees should be charged because you need money to pay gardens and other workers, and to buy plants and young trees. They suggested, however, fees should be charged low.

1)该文用Opinions are pided…作交代句,单刀直入,随后两个段落均用了主题句(见黑体字部分),使全文结构紧凑,表达严谨。

2)在表述要素时范本还对要素登场顺序作了调整,如“40%的同学觉得应收门票,但不适合过高。”前部分作为主题句放在句首,而后部分另起一句放在句末:They suggested, however, fees should be charged low.如此就分清了轻重缓急,主题突出,条理了解。

3)范本用了and, what is more, however等连词,在段落之间用了on the other hand(说明前后两个看法是相悖的),这类连接方法的运用加大了句子之间、段落之间的联系,使文章表达连贯,浑然一体。

4)范本在第二段为说明不收门票的“缘由”时增加了Charging entrance fees will no doubt keep some people away.等细节,这也是解决句与句之间缺少连贯性的容易见到办法。

总之,要想使我们的文章有闪光点,吸引读者,在考试中获得高分,就应在用词、造句、谋篇上下功夫,就算是有一处专长都是“亮”点,都是值得一定的。

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