英语四级六级培训课程

专业四八级-填空题常考结构 13

时间:2022-3-28 作者:普特英语网

二十1、which 引导的定语从句结构 which是关系代词,which后面应该加缺主语或者宾语的句子,在这个句子中,which要作成分,作主语或者宾语

in which+完整的句子 which在定语从句中作in的宾语,所以不可以作后面句子的主语

名词+of which+谓语动词 of which来修饰名词,名词在定语从句中作主语,所将来面直接跟谓语动词

例1:In blank verse___of ten syllables, five of which are accented. (A) line consists of each (B) consists of each line (C) each line consists (D) it consists of each line 剖析:空格前后均为介词词组,逗号后为非限定性定语从句,空格处缺主句主谓成分。A单数名词line前没限定词,而且语义不清,B没主语,D中it 指代不明,所以选C。 five of which are accented表示其中五个要被重读,of which修饰five, 十个中的五个

例2:The spiral threads of spider”s web have a sticky substance on them___insects. (A) traps(B) trap its(C) which traps (D) which it traps 剖析:空格前为完整的主谓结构,后面是一个名词,A和B显然不可以与前面的谓语动词并列,故可以第一排除。D中的代词it明显是多余的,故也不对。C为正确选项,其中关系代词which指代前面的名词短语a sticky substance。网上有粘状的物质来诱捕昆虫。

例3:Traditionally, ethnographers and linguists have paid little attention to cultural A interpretations given to silence, or to the types of BC social contexts in which tends to occur. D 剖析:D错,in which后面跟完整句子。In which it, it 指代silence, or to 和第二行的to并列

例4:After the First World War, the author Anais Nin became interested in the art movement known as Surrealism and in psychoanalysis,both ___her novels and short stories. (A) in which the influence (B) of which influenced (C) to have influence (D) its influence in 剖析:第二个逗号前为结构完整的句子,A中有从句引导词which, 却没谓语动词,构成不了完整的句子。C中最后一个词为名词,没办法与后面的名词短语连接,D构成名词短语,不合题意,而且名词influence通常接介词on, 故三个选项都可排除。B构成一个非限定性定语从句,故选B。

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