英语四级六级培训课程

为什么不愉快的事情难以忘怀

时间:2022-3-27 作者:能飞英语网

A new study has shown that we tend to remember the bad times better than the good.

The study, from Boston College psychologist, Elizabeth Kensinger and colleagues, has suggested that we retain and bear in mind events that carry negative emotional burden.

Her research shows that whether an event is pleasing or aversive seems to be a critical determinant of the accuracy with which the event is remembered, with negative events being remembered in greater detail than positive ones.

To substantiate her theory, Kensinger gives the example of a sight of a man on a street holding a gun. After seeing the man, people remember the gun clearly, but they forget the details of the street.

Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) studies have shown increased cellular activity in emotion-processing regions at the time that a negative event is experienced.

The more activity in the orbitofrontal cortex and the amygdala, two emotion-processing regions of the brain, the more likely an inpidual is to remember detailsintrinsically linked to the emotional aspect of the event, such as the exact appearance of the gun.

Kensinger argues that recognizing the effects of negative emotion on memory for detail may, at some point, save our lives by guiding our actions and allowing us to plan for similar future occurrences.

“These benefits make sense within an evolutionary framework. It is logical that attention would be focused on potentially threatening information,” says Kensinger.

一项最新研究显示,不愉快的时光总是比美好的时光让人难以忘怀。

波士顿大学心理学者伊丽莎白?基辛格及其同事们进行的这项研究表明,大家把那些令自己情绪消极的事情牢记在心。

她的研究显示,一件事能否让人准确地记住重要取决于这件事是让人愉快还是让人厌恶。消极事件比积极事件被人记得更了解。

为了证实她的理论,基辛格举了一个看见大街上有个男性持枪的例子。大家看见这个男性后,能了解地记得这把枪,但却不记得这条街的具体细节。

功能性磁共振造影研究显示,一个人在历程消极事件时,其脑部情绪处置地区的细胞活动会增强。

人的前额脑区底部和扁桃体两处脑部情绪处置地区的活动越强,越能记住与此事件情绪方面具备本质联系的细节,譬如枪的具体外观。

基辛格觉得,了解地辨别记忆中消极情绪的影响在某些时刻可以指导大家的行动、可以让大家为以后发生类似事件做好筹备,从而挽救大家的生命。

她说:“这类好处从进化的角度来讲也是行得通的。大家容易把注意力集中在具备潜在威胁的信息上,这是合乎逻辑的。”

声明:本文内容由互联网用户自发贡献自行上传,本网站不拥有所有权,未作人工编辑处理,也不承担相关法律责任。如果您发现有涉嫌版权的内容,欢迎发送邮件至:375750496@qq.com 进行举报,并提供相关证据,工作人员会在5个工作日内联系你,一经查实,本站将立刻删除涉嫌侵权内容。