英语四级六级培训课程

扫清托福阅读绊脚石:倒装句解题方法

时间:2022-3-26 作者:恒星英语学习网

托福阅读之所以成为部分同学的绊脚石,除去词语量较大以外,句子结构复杂也是新托福阅读的障碍之一。面对难句,需要飞速把握其主干和重点,由于考试时涉及参考答案的主如果句子的主干和重点,对于句子简化题(sentence simplification)特别这样。

要把握难句的主干和重点,第一要弄清它们的种类。托福阅读中的难句主要有定语从句、同位语、并列结构、倒装句等等,对于不相同种类型的难句,把握主干的办法也不同。下面以倒装句为例,为大伙介绍一些把握倒装句的办法。

托福阅读中的倒装句主要有下列状况:

1.方位副词放在句首

Herein lay the beginning of what ultimately turned from ignorance to denial of the value of nutritional therapies in medicine。

2.介词放在句首

Among the species of seabirds that use the windswept cliffs of the Atlantic coast of Canada in the summer to mate, lay eggs, and rear their young are common murres, Atlantic puffins, black-legged kittiwakes, and northern gannets。

3. 形容词放在句首

Implicit in it is an aesthetic principle as well: that the medium has certain qualities of beauty and expressiveness with which sculptors must bring own aesthetic sensibilities into harmony。

4.过去分词放在句首

Accustomed though we are to speaking of the films made before 1927 as “silent”, the film has never been, in the full sense of the word, silent。

5.目前分词放在句首

Missing until recently were fossils clearly intermediate, or transitional, between land mammals and cetaceans。

句子倒装的目的主要有两个:

一是被提前的部分被强调,如上述的第四句:Accustomed though we are to speaking of the films made before 1927 as “silent”,其中的accustomed根据正常语序应该放在are之后:Though we are accustomed to speaking of the films made before 1927 as “silent”。之所以将accustomed提前,是为了强调它。二是为了句子的平衡,不然将致使头重脚轻的成效,如上述的第一句、第三句和第五句。以第五句为例,根据正常语序应该是:Fossils clearly intermediate, or transitional, between land mammals and cetaceans were missing until recently。但这种句子结构比较糟糕,由于主语及其修饰语过长(从句首直到cetaceans),而谓语部分were missing until recently较短,容易导致头重脚轻的成效。第五句将missing提前,防止了这一现象。

托福阅读中为了考试时能飞速把握句子的主干,大伙需要进行更多的阅读和剖析,每种托福阅读难句种类都有肯定的训练,在持续的训练中自己概要不相同种类型文章的行文思路,不相同种类型考试试题的答卷方法,练得多了考试时就能驾轻就熟了。

托福阅读之所以成为部分同学的绊脚石,除去词语量较大以外,句子结构复杂也是新托福阅读的障碍之一。面对难句,需要飞速把握其主干和重点,由于考试时涉及参考答案的主如果句子的主干和重点,对于句子简化题(sentence simplification)特别这样。

要把握难句的主干和重点,第一要弄清它们的种类。托福阅读中的难句主要有定语从句、同位语、并列结构、倒装句等等,对于不相同种类型的难句,把握主干的办法也不同。下面以倒装句为例,为大伙介绍一些把握倒装句的办法。

托福阅读中的倒装句主要有下列状况:

1.方位副词放在句首

Herein lay the beginning of what ultimately turned from ignorance to denial of the value of nutritional therapies in medicine。

2.介词放在句首

Among the species of seabirds that use the windswept cliffs of the Atlantic coast of Canada in the summer to mate, lay eggs, and rear their young are common murres, Atlantic puffins, black-legged kittiwakes, and northern gannets。

3. 形容词放在句首

Implicit in it is an aesthetic principle as well: that the medium has certain qualities of beauty and expressiveness with which sculptors must bring own aesthetic sensibilities into harmony。

4.过去分词放在句首

Accustomed though we are to speaking of the films made before 1927 as “silent”, the film has never been, in the full sense of the word, silent。

5.目前分词放在句首

Missing until recently were fossils clearly intermediate, or transitional, between land mammals and cetaceans。

句子倒装的目的主要有两个:

一是被提前的部分被强调,如上述的第四句:Accustomed though we are to speaking of the films made before 1927 as “silent”,其中的accustomed根据正常语序应该放在are之后:Though we are accustomed to speaking of the films made before 1927 as “silent”。之所以将accustomed提前,是为了强调它。二是为了句子的平衡,不然将致使头重脚轻的成效,如上述的第一句、第三句和第五句。以第五句为例,根据正常语序应该是:Fossils clearly intermediate, or transitional, between land mammals and cetaceans were missing until recently。但这种句子结构比较糟糕,由于主语及其修饰语过长(从句首直到cetaceans),而谓语部分were missing until recently较短,容易导致头重脚轻的成效。第五句将missing提前,防止了这一现象。

托福阅读中为了考试时能飞速把握句子的主干,大伙需要进行更多的阅读和剖析,每种托福阅读难句种类都有肯定的训练,在持续的训练中自己概要不相同种类型文章的行文思路,不相同种类型考试试题的答卷方法,练得多了考试时就能驾轻就熟了。

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