英语四级六级培训课程

托福阅读中的细节题分析

时间:2022-3-25 作者:英语自学网

新托福考试中不少考生最易忽视的就是托福阅读,由于绝大多数人会感觉阅读是我们的强项。然而不少如此的考生,自认阅读很好,实质考出来的分数只有22分左右,这等于把挣分的重压转移到了大多数人比较弱的听力、口语、写作上面。这样来看,阅读获得高分对于获得百分以上的托福成绩是一种保证!

托福阅读中的细节题其实不难,但首要条件是定位的点要对,譬如下面这个例题:

Two species of deer have been prevalent in the Puget Sound area of Washington State in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. The black-tailed deer, a lowland, west-side cousin of the mule deer of eastern Washington, is now the most common. The other species, the Columbian white-tailed deer, in earlier times was common in the open prairie country, it is now restricted to the low, marshy islands and flood plains along the lower Columbia River.

According to paragraph 1, which of the following is true of the white-tailed deer of Puget SoundA. It is native to lowlands and marshes.

B. It is more closely related to the mule deer of eastern Washington than to other types of deer.

C. It has replaced the black-tailed deer in the open prairie.

D. It no longer lives in a particular type of habitat that it once occupied.

这是一个典型的细节题,在该题题干中,有些考生会选择Puget Sound作为关键字回原文定位,由于它是专有名词,在文中会比较显眼。但假如一旦选择了这个地名,必然会定位在该段的第一句话,托福细节题总是是定位在哪句就在哪句找答案,如此的话考生是选不出正确答案的,由于定位不精确。其实正确的关键字应该是white-tailed deer,这个用连字符连接的词在文章中也是比较显眼的,按该词定位应是该段最后一句话。所以依据它的意思应该选D项。其中A项与原句意思不符,B和C都与定位句信息无关。大家再来看另外一个否定事实细节题的例子:

Plant communities as百度竞价推广ble themselves flexibly, and their structure depends on the particular history of the area. Ecologists use the term “succession” to refer to the changes that happen in plant communities and ecosplayystems over time. The first community in a succession is called a pioneer community, while the long-lived community at the end of succession is called a climax community. Pioneer and successional plant communities are said to change over periods from 1 to 500 years. These changes—in plant numbers and the mix of species—are cumulative. Climax communities themselves change but over periods of time greater than about 500 years.

According to paragraph 1, which of the following is NOT true of climax communitiesA. They occur at the end of a succession.

B. They last longer than any other type of community.

C. The numbers of plants in them and the mix of species do not changeD. They remain stable for at least 500 years at a time.

这个题大伙都会选择用climax communities去定位,但在定位过程中会出现不少问题。第一考生要掌握跳跃式定位,即依据文章中特殊的标点符号与最显眼的词来搜索大家真的需要的关键字。文中的particular是加了阴影的,succession是在引号里面的,都很显眼,通过看这两个词大家会发现它们附近没大家需要的东西;再比较突出的就是数字及破折号,在500的上方有a climax community,但它是单数,与题干关键字不完全匹配,细节题讲究的是精确定位,所以大家应该选择500斜下方的Climax communities,即该段的最后一句话。否定事实细节题的出题思路有两种:一是无中生有,即依据定位点的内容,四个选项只有一个没提到,这种思路多适用于选项比较简短的题目;二是张冠李戴,即依据定位点的内容表述,只有一个选项与之矛盾,这种思路多适应于选项比较长的题目。就这个例题而言,依据定位的最后一句话,从表述上来讲跟它有关的只有C和D两个选项,D项的意思与原句相符,而C项与原句矛盾,所以正确答案是C。

以上是专家分析托福阅读中的例题,托福阅读是考生的得分项,不可掉以轻心,得不偿失。要把基础打好再考虑假如往高处探索。综上所述,做新托福阅读的细节题,非常重要的一点就是要尽可能地去精确定位。

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